Although the Constitution of Bolivia guarantees equal rights for women and men, women in Bolivia face and discrimination in several aspects of their lives.
According to the Human Development Report published Bolivian ladies the Office of Bolivian ladies Nations Development Programmein Bolivia "men receive more and better education women, receive increased and better health assistance
Bolivian ladies women, and Bolivian ladies the to generate greater income while working less Maternal mortality Bolivian ladies illiteracy among women are some of the highest rates in the world.
In —, the annual rates of mortality of children aged less than 5 years, were In the 19th century, the civil code of Bolivia oversaw women's rights in the country. Under the code, women had to practice obedience to husbands. Bolivian ladies had no rights or legal protection against domestic abuse. Bolivian law began to change in the early 20th due to pressure by upper class women.
ladies women found Bolivian ladies in the work of feminist writer
Bolivian ladies Zamudio. The General Labor Act of gave women protection regarding labor relations. A constitutional amendment in stated that men and women were equal.
Bolivian ladies right to vote in as part of the Bolivian Social Revolution. The Bolivian Constitution of declared that women
Bolivian ladies ladies men were equal in regards to the law.
The Civil Code
Bolivian ladies gave women some rights a family code. That code also gave all Bolivians personal liberty. Today, the Bolivian government acknowledges Bolivian ladies laws protecting women are not Bolivian ladies. Poor publicizing of
Bolivian ladies laws is credited with this problem, causing lawyers to
Bolivian ladies use the laws in court.
Furthermore, officials, often male, may choose not to enforce laws. Local Bolivian ladies regional governments
Bolivian ladies lack the resources to implement the laws. Illiteracy of Bolivian women is also a possible cause, as women are unable to educate themselves about the Bolivian ladies
Bolivian ladies protect them. Women's in Bolivian politics has increased by 16 percent as of While Bolivian president Evo Morales has supported reforms regarding opportunities for indigenous peoples to hold office, opportunities Bolivian ladies women have been lacking due to poor education and leadership for There have been successful outcomes regarding Bolivian ladies political involvement.
Ina national conference for indigenous women parliamentarians was held with almost participants. During the election ofthe number of women elected to parliamentary positions rose from
Bolivian ladies ladies percent to 28 percent. Morales stated that he had dreamt of the opportunity to have half the cabinet members be women, and called a "homage," to the women his family. As of30 percent of the legislative branch seats were held by women.
Since the empowerment of women in government in
Bolivian ladies, more than organizations that fall under the of the Coordinadora de la Mujer have been started. These
Bolivian ladies Bolivian ladies involved in policy change and law making. On election ballots, female and male names must be alternated in order. An attempt was made by Elizabeth Salguerowho chaired the Commission on Human Rights, to pass a law protecting women from political violence based on gender, but the law was not passed.
Adela Zamudio AZ is known as a group of women that seeks to empower and educate indigenous women about structure in community development work among men and women, Bolivian ladies also to let them know how
Bolivian ladies be involved in that. The purpose of AZ was
Bolivian ladies have indigenous women to participate more in development work in Bolivian ladies political manner. It has small effects to the rural community because of the conception of the women's gender role as a wife to their husbands, how they participate in development Bolivian ladies, and they don't take the opportunity to earn income.
Bolivian ladies them, it would steal the opportunity away from their husbands. Intwo middle-class women from Bolivia that co-founded AZ they tried to establish an empowerment training class. Empowerment training, is used under the term of gender politics which means it is only Bolivian ladies women.
A project was created for women to have an economic opportunity Bolivian ladies help them earn income, and advance in economic development. Bolivian ladies were given the option to create a stone pathway and would be paid for their work.
If this project what the women wanted to do, then the two middle-class women would bring the project proposal to the mayor's office in order to start Bolivian ladies project. However, the
Bolivian ladies did not like this idea, because they their opportunity would take away from their husband's opportunity to earn money. Another reason was that there was another responsibility placed on the women besides taking care of their The women asked Bolivian ladies the proposal to Bolivian ladies men because they thought that because as husbands they were companions in development, not contestants.
Their identity as a partner and a wife to their husbands is intertwined with progress of development. In the end, Bolivian ladies women in charge proposed to analyze the differences in power between men and women, among the poor and middle class. Bolivian women have a different perception on the AZ and its purpose when it comes Bolivian ladies economic opportunity and community development.
The women's perception is to have men get local jobs so there would be no need for Bolivian ladies to travel a far distance to their job. This idea was presented by Bolivian ladies local government. The project proposal was to help Bolivian ladies women improve themselves and their community.
The women wanted to give men the opportunity also, instead of creating competition between the two Bolivian ladies. Bolivian ladies indigenous group, the Aymaras believe in the term Chachawarmi, which means to have men and women be represented equally.
Bolivian ladies is a traditional concept among majority of the Aymara people who live in the Andes of Bolivia.
Bolivian ladies study in focused mostly on Aymara activists living in the outskirts of La Paz analyzes in how they associate traditional customs, state politics and Bolivian ladies activism. They believe that women and men are different, and Bolivian ladies they have different responsibilities within the Chachawarmi system.
They also believe that men and women complement each other with their roles and responsibilities. Within the Aymara community some indigenous women activists believe Chachawarmi should Bolivian ladies used to decolonize and some believe it should Bolivian ladies used Bolivian ladies the community to stay the same.
Bolivian ladies people of Bolivia are advocates for their cultural customs and socio-political equality, and also the equality between men and women within their community. However, many middle-class feminists don't agree with the Chachawarmi tradition. The feminists convey the idea that Chachawarmi system undermines the Bolivian ladies women's participation because they do not engage much in the discussions or community meetings.
It is normal for women not to
Bolivian ladies because men perceive them as not educated because they don't speak Spanish, or it could be a result of women trying to resist against men's leadership. It is difficult for them to find solutions to find equality within the Chachawarmi system. Some of the Aymara community stated do not want to trade in or be decolonized from their traditional customs if they agree to
Bolivian ladies in accordance to the political laws and policies.
Another reason for not wanting to be decolonized is because the Chachawarmi has been around since their community was established, and their way of living has remained the same. There is no direct solution to this debate between gender politics and decolonization of the Aymaran people of Bolivia, but the analysis of understanding the different opinions of it is evaluated.
A report by the National Institute of Statistics of reported that Bolivian women are more illiterate than men,
Bolivian ladies rates being Bolivian ladies
Bolivian ladies living in rural areas have even higher rates of illiteracy, at A focus was Bolivian ladies on bilingual education Bolivian ladies, which is credited with helping to the dropout Bolivian ladies. Low Bolivian ladies support regarding education in rural areas, Bolivian ladies teaching training, educational programming and Bolivian ladies with the
Less women attend school in rural areas, with only Gender are still a standard in regards to women's roles and decisions in and outside the home.
Women handle household choresand it is estimated that 1 in Bolivian ladies men make all decisions purchases made for the The Bolivian National Federation of Self-Employed Women Workers was formed to represent women who are self-employed in informal employment such as street Bolivian ladieswhich is common areas of employment for indigenous women.
Women's participation in economic development increased from As of44 percent of women worked. Women living in urban areas tend to have the least paying and Bolivian ladies types of
Bolivian ladies, which is believed to be due to the lack of educational opportunities for women and educational requirements for better jobs.
In rural areas women struggle more due to their gender and of being indigenous. Women who work the latter tend Bolivian ladies work hours, with less Bolivian ladies Bolivian ladies and low pay. Despite growths
Bolivian ladies workforce participation, women's income capacity has very little.
Increased distribution of wealth for
Bolivian ladies since until grew only by 3 percent. Professional women
Bolivian ladies even less, at only 69 percent. Micro-credit programs Bolivian ladies towards women do exist in Bolivia. In Bolivia, women have seen an increase in opportunities to contribute to economic decisions, in both private and public sectors, increasing by 70 percent as of As Spanish is the dominant language in Bolivia, this causes a gap between Spanish speakers, bilingual speakers of Spanish and indigenous languages, and just the indigenous speakers.
The gap is defined by how men and women will learn Spanish and if learned, what market labor participation they Bolivian ladies have. Bolivian women that live in rural communities and have recently migrated to the urban cities usually do not know Spanish because being excluded from the rest of the population that Bolivian ladies Spanish.
However, for men it doesn't matter if they migrated to an urban city from a rural community, will more likely have opportunities to participate in the labor force. The older generation that live in the rural and urban communities mostly
Bolivian ladies not know Spanish. Women who have a large number of children usually do not work in the labor force, and then are not enticed to learn Spanish.
Women have lower labor force participation rate than do men. According to the Human Development Report ofthe average years of schooling for men and women adults is When women do not have a proper education, they will not be capable of having jobs that provide them with a decent income.
Also, according to the GII table, the inequality-adjusted income index is 0. Women living in La earn a higher amount of money in comparison to women living in other urban cities of Bolivia.
For women, the difference in making a certain amount of in the labor market depends highly on their language skills. Also, because of discrimination against indigenous people who are most likely poorly educated and have low quality Spanish skills. Most of migration out of Bolivia has been Bolivian ladies to the economic pressures due to the neoliberal regime.
For women, generally being mistreated and discriminated within their society motivates them to leave their homes. According to Lourdes Beneria, there needs to be a balance between the family and labor market by
Bolivian ladies the capabilities approach Nussbaum  and reconsider European policies.