The gender binaryalso referred to as gender binarism sometimes shortened to just binarism   is the classification of sex and gender into two distinctopposite and disconnected forms of masculine and feminine.
Gender binary is one general type of a gender system. Sometimes in Questioning gender and sexuality binaries binary model, "sex", "gender" and "sexuality" are assumed by default to align.
For example, when a male is born, gender binarism assumes the male will be masculine in appearance, Questioning gender and sexuality binaries traits, and behavior, including having a heterosexual attraction to females.
The term gender binary describes the system in which a society splits its members into one of two sets of gender rolesgender identities and attributes based on the shape of genitalia.
Gender roles shape and constrain people's life experiences, impacting aspects of self-expression ranging from clothing choices to occupation. Islam, for example, teaches that Questioning gender and sexuality binaries are the primary care givers to their children and Catholics only allow cisgender men to serve as priests.
Worldwide, there are many individuals and even several subcultures that can be considered exceptions to the gender binary or specific transgender identities.
In addition to individuals whose bodies are naturally intersexthere are also specific social roles that involve aspects of both or neither of the binary genders. In the contemporary Westgenderqueer people break the gender binary by refusing terms like "male" and "female". Transgender people have a unique place in relation to the gender binary.
In some cases, their Questioning gender and sexuality binaries expression aligns with their sex. Attempting to conform to societal expectations for their gender, transsexual individuals may opt for surgery, hormones, or both, which can be difficult if the individual does not "pass" as cisgender.
According to Thomas Keith in Masculinities in Contemporary American Culturethe longstanding cultural assumption that male—female dualities are "natural and immutable" partly explains the persistence of systems of patriarchy and male privilege in modern society. Some feminist scholars have contested the existence of a clear gender binary.
Instead, there Questioning gender and sexuality binaries growing support for the possibility of
Questioning gender and sexuality binaries
Questioning gender and sexuality binaries categories that compare people without "prior assumptions about who is like whom". Anne Fausto-Sterling suggests a classification of 23 sexes and a move away from the socially constructed gender binary classification of male and female. In her paper "The Five Sexes: Why Male and Female Are Not Enough", she discusses the existence of intersex people, individuals possessing a combination of male and
Questioning gender and sexuality binaries sexual characteristics, who are seen as deviations from the norm and who frequently undergo coercive surgery at a very young age in order to maintain the two-gender system.
The existence of these individuals challenges the standards of gender binaries and put into question society's role in constructing gender. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article includes a list of referencesbut its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Health care and medicine.
Cross-dressing and Cultural Retrieved 18 September Adventures in Lesbian Philosophy. Transgendered Prisoners Caught in the Gender Binarism". Archived from the original on 3 April Retrieved 2 April Moore, Lisa Jean, New York Academy of Sciences.
Gender Politics and the Construction of Sexuality 1st ed. Retrieved 18 November World Questioning gender and sexuality binaries report Gender equality and development. Beyond the Binaries" PDF. Identities, Bodies, Genders, and Sexualities. Masculinities in Contemporary American Culture: Kimmel, Amy Aronson, and Amy Kaler, Oxford University Press, Retrieved 29 April Questioning gender and sexuality binaries and sexual identities.
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